Thursday, November 22, 2007

AIX ML/TL Upgradation steps

1. Pre-installation checks

To check packages/file set consistency
# lppchk –v

If we found some errors. We can get more information about problem & resolve it before continue with installation.
# lppchk -v -m3

Check the current installed ML/TL
# instfix -i|grep ML
# oslevel –s

Check Rootvg

Commit all package/fileset installed on the servers
# smit maintain_software

Check if rootvg is mirrored and all lv's are mirrored correctly (excluding dump and boot volumes). If your rootvg is not mirrored we can skip later in document part for alt_disk_install,
# lsvg -p rootvg
# lsvg rootvg
# lsvg -l rootvg

2. Preinstallation Task

Check for HACMP cluster

Check if cluster software is installed .Check for HACMP running on server.

# lslpp -l | grep -i cluster
Check if the cluster processes are active
# lssrc -g cluster

If HACMP is used, a current fix pack for HACMP should be installed when a new AIX Technology Level is installed. Currently available HACMP fix packs can be downloaded via

3. Check for IBM C/C++ compiler

Updates needs to be installed with TL up gradation. Same can be downloaded from below mentioned links.

4. Check for Java VersionIf Java is used, current software updates for the Java version(s) should be installed when a new AIX Technology Level is installed. If Java is being used in conjunction with other software, consult the vendor of that software for recommended Java levels

The Java version(s) installed on AIX can be identified with the commands
# lslpp -l | grep -i java

Default Java version can be identified with the
# java -fullversion command.
Java fixes can be downloaded from below link.

5. Check for recommended TL/SP for system

Gets information of latest TL/SP for system using Fix Level Recommendation Tool available in below link

Download latest updates from IBM fix central website & dump in NIM server.

Create resources in NIM servers.

Run mksysb backup of servers on safer side.

Check for running application compatibility if any. Confirm it with application owner.
Free hdisk1 for alternate disk installation

Remove the secondary dump device if present from hdisk1. Then change the settings for secondary dump device to /dev/sysdumpnull.
# sysdumpdev –P –s /dev/sysdumpnull

Unmirror rootvg
#unmirrorvg rootvg

migrate logical volume from hdisk1 to hdisk0 which are not mirrored.
# migratepv hdisk1 hdisk0.

Clear boot record from hdisk0
# chpv -c hdisk1

Add new boot image to the first PV to have “fresh” boot record just for safer side
# bosboot –ad /dev/hdisk0

Set bootlist to hdisk0
# bootlist –m normal hdisk0 hdisk1 (hdisk1 after installation will contain upgraded OS)

Removes the second PV from rootvg
# reducevg rootvg hdisk1

7. Alternate disk migration

Carry out alternate disk installation via nim on hdisk1. We will carry out preview install. If it gets succeed we will go ahead & install TL/SP in applied mode
# smit nimadm

Reboot system. It will be booted from hdisk1 which contains upgraded OS.
# shutdown -Fr

8. Recreate the mirror of rootvg

After few days of stable work and some tests from application users.

Remove alternate disk installed disk
# alt_disk_install –X

Add disk hdisk0 in rootvg
# extendvg rootvg hdisk0

Check for estimated dump
# sysdumpdev –e

Re-create secondary dump device
# sysdumpdev –P –s “dump_device”

Mirror rootvg with hdisk1 in background.
# nohup mirrorvg '-S' rootvg hdisk1 &

Create bootimage on hdisk1
# bosboot -ad /dev/hdisk1

Add hdisk1 to bootlist
# bootlist -m normal hdisk0 hdisk1

Synchronize rootvg
# nohup syncvg -v rootvg &


Koffe with Kalai said...


Useful article..

Can you directly discover a LUN (from EMC storage) from VIOS client?

Santosh Gupta said...

Yes, provided the HBA is not a virtual one

harish said...

I have a Partition in which path from one of the vio server to the disk is showing FAILED

i used chpath command to enable it, its showing path has changed but its not reflecting in lspath output .
if i do disable option the path is getting changed to disable mode .
Why is it so ? what might be the problem?

Ravi Galange said...

kindly share the steps for TL update via NIM.
Any other necessary prerequisites for the same?